Announced earlier today by LDS Church President Thomas S. Monson, the Arequipa Peru Temple is the Church's third temple in Peru. In 1986, the Church dedicated its first temple in Lima and broke ground for a second temple in Trujillo 2011. The Church has achieved steady growth in Peru over the past century, growing from less than 5,000 members to over half a million today. The number of stakes has increased from one in 1970 to nearly 100 today.
In Arequipa, the Church currently operates seven stakes within the city. The first stake was created in 1980 followed by a second stake in 1985, a third in 1991, a fourth in 1994, a fifth in 1997, a sixth in 1997, and a seventh in 2011. Although no announcement has been made concerning what stakes will be assigned to the new temple, it is possible that a total of 15 stakes and seven districts may be serviced by the new temple throughout southern Peru. A map of stakes and districts in southern Peru can be found here.